**Описание:** |
This book grew out of lectures that I gave in the framework of a graduate course in quantum theory of many-body systems at the Applied Physics Department of Chalmers University of Technology and G6teborg University (G6teborg, Sweden) in the years 1992-1995. Its purpose is to give a compact and self-contained account of basic ideas and techniques of the theory from the "condensed matter" point of view. The book is addressed to graduate students with knowledge of standard quantum mechanics and statistical physics. (Hopefully, physicists working in other fields may also find it useful.)
The approach is - quite traditionally - based on a quasiparticle description of many-body systems and its mathematical apparatus - the method of Green's functions. In particular, I tried to bring together all the main versions of diagram techniques for normal and superconducting systems, in and out of equilibrium (i.e., zero-temperature, Matsubara, Keldysh, and Nambu-Gor'kov formalisms) and present them in just enough detail to enable the reader to follow the original papers or more comprehensive monographs, or to apply the techniques to his own problems. Many examples are drawn from mesoscopic physics - a rapidly developing chapter of condensed matter theory and experiment, which deals with macroscopic systems small enough to preserve quantum coherence throughout their volume; this seems to me a natural ground to discuss quantum theory of many-body systems. |